Calcium is a crucial mineral for the body that is most known for its association with bone health and the prevention of osteoporosis. Most people get their daily calcium intake from supplements and dairy products. However, recent studies have revealed that these sources are less than ideal, if not dangerous.
“Milk often doesn’t do a body good,” explains Parsley Health’s San Francisco Medical Director Dr. Tiffany Lester . “Not only does it contain IGF-1 which increases growth hormone leading to inflammation and insulin spikes, it contains less calcium than a bowl of spinach. Popeye was right. Eat your spinach to maintain healthy calcium levels—not a glass of milk.”
A recent study revealed that calcium supplementation had no meaningful impact on bone health. Another study concluded that taking a daily supplement increases the risk of strokes and heart attacks in women. Some claim that there is no evidence that supplementation reduces the risk of fractures; in fact, it may actually produce the opposite outcome—i.e. brittle bones.
Finally, and perhaps most at odds with conventional wisdom, there is substantial research that dairy products—the foods we all associate with calcium—do not contribute to bone strength.
Calcium continues to be an important mineral that contributes to the development and maintenance of strong bones. The problem is not the mineral, but the medium of delivery. So what works?
Many plant foods such as leafy greens contain an abundance of calcium. For example, one cup of collard greens contains 268 mg of it and a cup of spinach contains 245 mg. To give you a comparison, a half cup of cow’s milk contains 138 mg. The greens win!
There are different schools of thought when it comes to how much to consume on a daily basis.The NIH recommends a female between the age of 19 and 50 consume 1000 mg of calcium daily while other experts recommend between 600 and 800mg a day.
My strategy for getting somewhere between these two recommendations is to eat greens at every meal. I put a cup of greens into my morning Rebuild shake and then add at least a cup of greens to the base of my plate for lunch and dinner. This brings me to somewhere between 700 and 800 mg of calcium daily.
No doubt, a certain amount of calcium is important for bone health but it’s not enough. Other vitamins and minerals such as phosphorous, magnesium , Vitamin D and K, and Strontium are important for strong bones.
Eat protein but not too much. A high protein diet acidifies the blood, which removes calcium from the bones. Be sure to make your protein more of a side dish versus the main event on your plate.
Parsley Health is the doctor that helps you live healthier, longer, by treating the root cause of symptoms and conditions. Our medical teams—staffed by leading clinicians and health coaches—spend more time with you, order the right tests, and prescribe food, sleep and movement alongside medications so you can get better—and feel better.